Influencias de las variable sociodemográficas y extrapenitenciarias en los procesos de victimización carcelaria

  1. Francisco Caravaca Sánchez
  2. Faustina Sánchez Rodríguez
  3. Aurelio Luna Maldonado
Journal:
Revista española de medicina legal: órgano de la Asociación Nacional de Médicos Forenses

ISSN: 0377-4732

Year of publication: 2014

Volume: 40

Issue: 3

Pages: 91-96

Type: Article

DOI: 10.1016/J.REML.2014.02.001 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor

More publications in: Revista española de medicina legal: órgano de la Asociación Nacional de Médicos Forenses

Metrics

Cited by

  • Scopus Cited by: 2 (05-09-2023)
  • Dimensions Cited by: 1 (13-04-2023)

SCImago Journal Rank

  • Year 2014
  • SJR Journal Impact: 0.229
  • Best Quartile: Q3
  • Area: Pathology and Forensic Medicine Quartile: Q3 Rank in area: 143/211

Índice Dialnet de Revistas

  • Year 2014
  • Journal Impact: 0.240
  • Field: DERECHO Quartile: C1 Rank in field: 39/312
  • Field: DERECHO PENAL, PROCESAL Y CRIMINOLOGÍA Quartile: C2 Rank in field: 7/35

CIRC

  • Social Sciences: D

Scopus CiteScore

  • Year 2014
  • CiteScore of the Journal : 1.0
  • Area: Pathology and Forensic Medicine Percentile: 31

Dimensions

(Data updated as of 13-04-2023)
  • Total citations: 1
  • Recent citations: 0

Abstract

Fundamentos En España no existen estudios previos que relacionen los factores de riesgo sociodemográficos y penitenciarios con la victimización en prisión, siendo importante para mejorar el tiempo en prisión del recluso. Por ello, se realizó una encuesta de victimización en las 2 prisiones de Murcia (Murcia y Murcia II) para conocer los factores de riesgo vinculados a este fenómeno. Método A escala regional, estudio descriptivo transversal analítico donde se encuestó a 661 internos sobre un total de 1.391 con un margen de confianza de un 95% que llevaban en prisión más de 2 meses. Resultados Un 57% (n = 377) de los internos fue victimizado durante los 2 meses previos a la encuesta, siendo las agresiones verbales las más comunes con un 40,2% (n = 266) y las sexuales las menos habituales con un 6,5% (n = 43). Variables sociodemográficas como la nacionalidad, el desempleo previo o la existencia de conflictos familiares son variables estadísticamente significativas para sufrir victimización en prisión, al igual que la reincidencia delictiva o el consumo de drogas durante el internamiento. Conclusiones Existen factores de riesgo vinculados a la victimización en prisión y varían significativamente en función del perfil del interno; las variables analizadas son fundamentales a la hora de elaborar planes de intervención contra la victimización en este ámbito.

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