Entrenamiento combinado de fuerza y ejercicios de saltos, efectos sobre el rendimiento en el salto vertical en un grupo de alto nivel de jugadores de voleibol durante una temporada completa de competición

  1. Carlos García Asencio 1
  2. Miguel Sánchez Moreno 1
  3. Juan José González Badillo 2
  1. 1 Fundación CajaSol-JUVASA Voleibol Esquimo SVM, España
  2. 2 Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Sevilla, España
Retos: nuevas tendencias en educación física, deporte y recreación

ISSN: 1579-1726 1988-2041

Year of publication: 2016

Issue: 29

Pages: 140-143

Type: Article

DOI: 10.47197/RETOS.V0I29.41305 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openDialnet editor

More publications in: Retos: nuevas tendencias en educación física, deporte y recreación


It has been suggested that to improve vertical jump performance, volleyball players must complete specific volleyball resistance training. This study examines the effects of combined strength and jump exercises training on the vertical jump performance, in a group of senior elite male volleyball players during a full competition season. Twelve professional male volleyball players took part in this study. Players competed in the first national division of the Spanish National League during the 2014-2015 season. The performance was estimated by unloaded (CMJ), loaded countermovement jumps (CMJloaded) height (cm) and by velocity of displacement in the concentric phase of full squat (FS) (m•s-1). Training took place 2 days/week, 16 weeks (2 cycles/8 weeks, 1 week recovery). The resistance exercises were: FS, 3-4 series/4-6 repetitions, load from 50%-65% 1RM; hang power clean, 3 series/4-6 repetitions with the maximum load that allows a correct technical execution; loaded jump, 3-4 series/4-5 repetitions, load from 50%-80% according to the weight with which the athletes reached a height of about 20 cm.; unloaded jump, 3-4 series/5 repetitions. There was a significant increase in CMJ and CMJloaded (7.12% and 9.78%; p<.01; respectively). No significant changes were observed in FS (1.66%; p>.05). Our results suggest that the use of moderate loads could produce similar results on vertical jump performance to the use of high loads, since in our study a load equivalent to 65% 1RM in the FS was not exceeded and jumping exercises were performed with light loads. These results indicate that the specificity of training, which in this case is expressed by the proximity of the velocities of execution of the training exercises to the velocity of execution of the vertical jump, is determinant for the performance.

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