Actitudes hacia la inmigración a nivel regional en Europa en tiempos de crisis

  1. Javier Álvarez Gálvez 1
  2. José A. Salinas Pérez 2
  3. Gloria Martínez Cousinou 2
  4. Eider Muniategi Azkona 2
  5. Inmaculada Antolínez Domínguez 1
  1. 1 Universidad de Cádiz
    info

    Universidad de Cádiz

    Cádiz, España

    ROR https://ror.org/04mxxkb11

  2. 2 Universidad Loyola Andalucía
    info

    Universidad Loyola Andalucía

    Sevilla, España

    ROR https://ror.org/0075gfd51

Journal:
Revista de fomento social

ISSN: 0015-6043 2695-6462

Year of publication: 2020

Issue: 298

Pages: 297-325

Type: Article

DOI: 10.32418/RFS.2020.298.4342 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor

More publications in: Revista de fomento social

Metrics

Cited by

  • Dialnet Métricas Cited by: 1 (25-02-2024)
  • Dimensions Cited by: 0 (04-01-2024)

Índice Dialnet de Revistas

  • Year 2020
  • Journal Impact: 0.080
  • Field: TRABAJO SOCIAL Quartile: C3 Rank in field: 28/52
  • Field: SOCIOLOGÍA Quartile: C4 Rank in field: 65/75

CIRC

  • Social Sciences: C

Dimensions

(Data updated as of 04-01-2024)
  • Total citations: 0
  • Recent citations (2 years): 0
  • Field Citation Ratio (FCR): 0.0

Abstract

At the aftermath of the 2008 financial and socio–economic crisis, there had been a boom of nationalist parties in Europe that included anti–immigration measures in their programs. In this study, we analyse the relationship between socioeconomic status and anti–immigrant sentiment at the regional level by using geographically weighted regression. In doing so we use data from the fist years of the financial crisis, when most of European countries were beginning to experience its consequences at an economic, social and political level. Our findings confirm the suitability of spatial analysis to explain regional differences in attitudes towards immigration. Although inter–country or macro–regional comparisons might be useful to explain anti–immigrant sentiments, the general validity of these large–scale geographic areas could be questioned when descending to a regional level. The information provided at the regional level might be useful to identify regions where policy makers should aim integration policies to reduce citizens’ negative attitudes towards immigrants.

Bibliographic References

  • AHMADI, F., DARVISHPOUR, M., AHMADI, N., PALM, I. (2020). “Diversity barometer: attitude changes in Sweden“. Nordic Social Work Ressearch, 10(1), 21-38.
  • BAIL, C. (2008). “The configuration of symbolic boundaries against immigrants in Europe”. American Sociological Review, 73 (1), 37-59. http://dx.doi. org/10.1177/000312240807300103
  • BANSAK, K., HAINMUELLER, J., and HANGARTNER, D. (2016). “How Economic, Humanitarian, and Religious Concerns Shape European Attitudes towards Asylum seekers”. Science, 354 (6309), 217-222.
  • BAUER, T. K., LOFSTROM, M. and ZIMMERMAN, K. F. (2000). “Immigration policy, assimilation of immigrants, and natives’ sentiments towards immigrants: Evidence from 12 OECD countries”. Swedish Economic Policy Review, 7, 11-53.
  • BERGER, M. and GABRIEL, P. (1991). “Risk Aversion and the Earnings of U.S. Immigrants and Native”. Applied Economics, 23, 311-18. http://dx.doi. org/10.1080/00036849100000138
  • BLINDER, S. (2015). “Imagined Immigration: The Impact of Different Meanings of ‘Immigrants’ in Public Opinion and Policy Debates in Britain”. Political Studies, 63(1), 80-100. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-9248.12053
  • BOERI, T. (2010). “Immigration to the land of Redistribution”. Economica, 77(4), 651-687. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0335.2010.00859.x BORJAS, G. (1999). Heaven’s Door. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  • BRETTELL, C. B. and HOLLIFIELD, J. F. (2008). Migration Theory. Talking Across Disciplines. New York: Routledge.
  • BRUNSDON, C., STEWART, A. and CHARLTON, M. (1996). “Geographically Weighted Regression: A Method for Exploring Spatial Nonstationarity”. Geographical Analysis, 28 (4), 281-298. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1538-4632.1996.tb00936.x
  • BUTKUS, M., MACIULYTE-SNIUKIENE, A., MATUZEVICIUTE, K. and DAVIDAVIVIENE, V. (2018). “Society’s attitudes towards impact of immigration: Case of EU countries”. Marketing and Management of Innovations, 1, 338-352.
  • CARD, D., DUSTMANN, C. and PRESTON, I. (2011). “Immigration, Wages, and Compositional Amenities”. Journal of European Economy Association, 10, 78-119. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1542-4774.2011.01051.x
  • CASTLES, F. and OBINGER, H. (2008). “Worlds, families, regimes: country clusters in European and OECD area public policy”. West European Politics, 31, 321-344. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01402380701835140
  • CHISWICK, B. R. and MILLER, P. W. (2008). “Occupational attainment and immigrant economic progress in Australia”. Economic Record, 84, 45-856. http://dx.doi. org/10.1111/j.1475-4932.2008.00482.x
  • CITRIN, J., GREEN, D., MUSTE, C. and WONG, C. (1997). “Public opinion toward immigration reform: The role of economic motivations”. Journal of Politics, 59, 858-881. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2998640
  • COBB-CLARK, D. and HILDEBRAND, V. (2006). “The Wealth and Asset Holdings of U.S.Born and Foreign-Born Households: Evidence From the SIPP Data”. Review of Income and Wealth, 52, 17-42. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4991.2006.00174.x
  • CONSTERDINE, E. (2018). “State-of-the-art report on public attitudes, political discourses and media coverage on the arrival of refugees”.
  • CEASEVAL Research on the Common European Asylum System (02). DANCYGIER, R. and DONNELLY, M. (2013). “Sectoral Economies, Economic Contexts, and Attitudes toward Immigration”. Journal of Politics, 75, 17-35. http://dx.doi. org/10.1017/S0022381612000849
  • DENNISON, J. and DRAZANOVÁ, L. (2018). Public Attitudes on migration: rethinking how people perceive migration. An analysis of existing opinion polls in the EuroMediterranean region. ICMPD, Migration Policy Centre, OPAM. http://hdl.handle. net/1814/62348
  • DUSTMANN, C. and PRESTON, I. (2007). “Racial and economic factors in attitudes to immigration”. The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy, 7(1), Article 62. http://dx.doi.org/10.2202/1935-1682.1655
  • EBBINGHAUS, B. (2012). “Comparing welfare state regimes: are typologies an ideal or realistic strategy?” Paper presented at the European Social Policy Analysis Network, University of Edinburg, September 6-8, Edinburg, United Kingdom.
  • ESCANDELL, X. and CEOBANU, A. (2009). “Anti-immigrant Sentiment and Welfare State Regimes in Europe”. Working Paper 178. Center for Comparative Immigration Studies, UCSD.
  • ESPING-ANDERSEN, G. (1990). Three worlds of Welfare Capitalism. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  • EUROPEAN SOCIAL SURVEY ROUND 5 DATA (2010). “Data file edition 3.0”. Norwegian Social Science Data Services, Norway - Data Archive and distributor of ESS data.
  • EUROSTAT (2017). “Migration and Migrant Population Statistics”. European Commission. Retrieved March 3, 2020 (https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statisticsexplained/images/f/f8/Immigration_by_citizenship%2C_2017_.png)
  • FACCHINI, G. and MAYDA, A. (2009). “Does the Welfare State Affect Individual Attitudes Toward Immigrants? Evidence across Countries”. Review of Economics and Statistics, 91, 295-314. http://dx.doi.org/10.1162/rest.91.2.295
  • FETZER, J. S. (2000). Public attitudes toward immigration in the United States, France, and Germany. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
  • FINSERAAS, H., PEDERSEN, W. A. and BAY, A. H. (2016). “When the Going gets Tough: The Differential Impact of National Unemployment on the Perceived Threats of Immigration”. Political Studies, 64(1), 60-73.
  • GANZEBOOM, H. and TREIMAN, D. (1996). “Internationally Comparable Measures of Occupational Status for the 1988 International Standard Classification of Occupations”. Social Sciences Research, 25, 201-235. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/ ssre.1996.0010
  • GEORGE, A., MEADOWS, P., METCALF, H., and ROLFE, H. (2011). Impact of migration on the consumption of education and children’s services and the consumption of health services, social care and social services. National Institute of Economic and Social Research Paper.
  • GIVENS, T. E. (2007). “Immigrant Integration in Europe: Empirical Research”. Annual Review of Political Science, 10, 67-83. http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev. polisci.9.062404.162347
  • GOLDMAN, P. D., SMITH, P. J., and SOOD, N. (2006). “Immigrants and the Cost of Medical Care”. Health Affairs, 25(6), 1700-1711.
  • HAINMUELLER, J. and HISCOX, M. (2007). “Educated preferences: Explaining attitudes towards immigration in Europe”. International Organization, 61, 399-442. http:// dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0020818307070142
  • HAINMUELLER, J. and HISCOX, M. (2010). “Attitudes toward Highly Skilled and LowSkilled Immigration: Evidence from a Survey Experiment”. American Political Science Review, 104, 61-84. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0003055410000389
  • HAINMUELLER, J. and HOPKINS, D. (2014). “Public Attitudes towards Immigration”. Annual Review of Political Science, 17, 225-249. http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/ annurev-polisci-102512-194818
  • HANSON, G., SCHEVE, K. and SLAUGHTER, M. (2007). “Public finance and individual preferences over globalization strategies”. Economics and Politics, 19(1), 1-33. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0343.2007.00300.x
  • HAUBERT, J. and FUSSELL, E. (2006). “Explaining Pro-Immigrant Sentiment in the U.S.: Social Class, Cosmopolitanism, and Perceptions of immigrants”. International Migration Review, 40, 489-507. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1747-7379.2006.00033.x
  • HELBLING, M. and KRIESI, H. (2014). “Why citizens prefer high- over low-skilled immigrants. Labor market competition, welfare state and deservingness”. European Sociological Review, 30(5), 595-614. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/esr/jcu061
  • JAIME-CASTILLO, A. M., MARQUÉS-PERALES, I. and ÁLVAREZ-GÁLVEZ, J. (2016). “The impact of social expenditure on attitudes towards immigration in Europe”. Social Indicators Research, 126(3), 1089-1108.
  • KEHRBERG, J. E. (2007). “Public Opinion on Immigration in Western Europe: Economics, Tolerance, and Exposure”. Comparative European Politics, 5, 264-281. http:// dx.doi.org/10.1057/palgrave.cep.6110099
  • KINDER, D. and KIEWIET, R. (1981). “Sociotropic Politics: The American Case”. British Journal of Political Science, 11(2), 129-161. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ S0007123400002544
  • KUNOVICH, R. M. (2004). “Social structural position and prejudice: an exploration of cross-national differences in regression slopes”. Social Science Research, 33, 20-44. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0049-089X(03)00037-1
  • LAPINSKI, J. S., PELTOLA, P., SHAW, G. and YANG, A. (1997). “Trends: Immigrants and immigration”. Public Opinion Quarterly, 61, 356-383. http://dx.doi. org/10.1086/297799
  • LEIBFRIED, S. (1992). “Towards a European welfare state? On integrating Poverty Regimes into the European Community”. In Z. FERGE and J. E. KOLBERG (eds.), Social Policy in a Changing Europe (pp. 245-279). Frankfurt: Campus Verlag.
  • MAYDA, A. (2006). “Who is against immigration? A cross-country investigation of individual attitudes towards immigrants”. Review of Economics and Statistics, 88, 510-533. http://dx.doi.org/10.1162/rest.88.3.510
  • MOSISA, A. T. (2002). “The role of foreign-born workers in the U.S. economy”. Monthly Labor Review, 125(5), 3-14.
  • MORAN, P. (1948). “The interpretation of statistical maps”. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society 10(2), 243-251.
  • ORRENIUS, P. M. and ZAVODNY, M. (2009). “Do Immigrants Work In Riskier Jobs?” Demography, 46(3), 535-551. http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/dem.0.0064
  • SAXTON, G. and BENSON, M. (2003). “The Origins of Socially and Politically Hostile Attitudes toward Immigrants and Outgroups: Economics, Ideology, or National Context?” Journal of Political Science, 31, 101-137.
  • SCHLUETER, E. and WAGNER, U. (2008). “Regional Differences Matter”. International Journal of Comparative Sociology, 49, 153-73. http://dx.doi. org/10.1177/0020815207088910
  • SCHLUETER, E., MEULEMAN, B. and DAVIDOV, E. (2013). “Immigrant Integration Policies and Perceived Group Threat: A Multilevel Study of 27 Western and Eastern European Countries”. Social Science Research, 42, 670-82. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j. ssresearch.2012.12.001
  • SEGOVIA, F. and DEFEVER, R. (2010). “The Polls-Trends: American Public Opinion on Immigrants and Immigration Policy”. Public Opinion Quarterly, 74, 375-394. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/poq/nfq006
  • SIDES, J. and CITRIN, J. (2007). “European Opinion about Immigration: The Role of Identities, Interests, and Information”. British Journal of Political Science, 37, 477504. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007123407000257
  • TICHENOR, D. (2002). Dividing Lines: The Politics of Immigration Control in America. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univ. Press.
  • TOBLER, W. R. (1970). “A Computer Movie Simulating Urban Growth in the Detroit Region”. Economic Geography, 46, 234-240. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/143141
  • VAN DER BRUG, W. and FENNEMA, M. (2007). “What causes people to vote for a radical right party? A review of recent work”. International Journal of Public Opinion Research, 19(4), 474-487. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ijpor/edm031
  • VERKUYTEN, M., MEPHAM, K. and KROS, M. (2018). “Public attitudes towards support for migrants: the importance of perceived voluntary and involuntary migration”. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 41 (5), 901-918.
  • WANG, F. (2006). “Spatial Cluster Analysis, Spatial Regression, and Applications in Toponymical, Cancer and Homicide Studies”. In Quantitative Methods and Applications in GIS (pp. 167-188). Boca Raton (USA): CRC Press. http://dx.doi. org/10.1201/9781420004281.ch9
  • WILKES, R., GUPPY, N. and FARRIS, L. (2008). “No Thanks, We’re Full: Individual Characteristics, National Context, and Changing Attitudes toward Immigration”. International Migration Review, 42, 302-329. http://dx.doi. org/10.1111/j.1747-7379.2008.00126.x
  • WRIGHT, M. and CITRIN, J. (2011). “Saved by the Stars and Stripes? Images of Protest, Salience of Threat, and Immigration Attitudes”. American Political Research, 39, 323-343. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1532673X10388140