El escenario bélico sudanés en el norte de SudánMontañas Nuba, Mar Rojo y Nilo Azul

  1. Langa Herrero, Alfredo 1
  1. 1 Instituto de Estudios sobre Conflictos y Acción Humanitaria.(IECAH)
Journal:
Anaquel de estudios árabes

ISSN: 1130-3964

Year of publication: 2017

Issue: 28

Pages: 97-112

Type: Article

DOI: 10.5209/ANQE.55195 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor

More publications in: Anaquel de estudios árabes

Sustainable development goals

Abstract

This article introduces the scenario of armed conflict in the northern Sudanese regions of Red Sea, Blue Nile and the Nuba Mountains by means of secondary data and information. It describes the period between 1956-2011, regarding the Republic of Sudan until the independence of South Sudan, pointing out that violence and armed conflicts have been not only concentrated on the south. Moreover, in the north the effects of repression have been also deep. Therefore, domination of northern political, economic, social and religious elites has aimed to eradicate and undermine other forms of identity different that the leading one. In order to do this, repression and violence have been used and applied as tools, provoking an almost permanent situation of tension and war in the referred northern areas.

Bibliographic References

  • African Rights (1995). Facing genocide: the Nuba of Sudan. African Rights, Londres.
  • Arendt, H. (1951). The Origins of Totalitarism. Harcourt, Brace and Company. Nueva York.
  • Burr, J. M. y Collins, R. O. (2003). Revolutionary Sudan. Hasan al-Turabi and the Islamic State, 1989-2000. Sepsmea. Volumen 90. Editorial Brill. Leiden.
  • Collins, R. O. (1999). “Africans, Arabs, and Islamists: From the Conference Tables to the Battlefields in the Sudan” en African Studies Review, Vol. 42, No. 2. African Studies Association.
  • CPA (2005). The Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) between the Government of the Republic of Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Sudan People’s Liberation Army. (en linea). <http://unmis.unmissions.org/Portals/Unmis/Documents/General/cpa-en.pdf>..Consulta (19-04-2013).
  • De Waal, A. (2006). “Averting Genocide in the Nuba Mountains” en How Genocides End. Social Sciences Research Center (SSRC) (en línea). <http://howgenocidesend.ssrc.org/ de_Waal2>. Consulta (07-02-2013).
  • ESPA (2006). Eastern Sudan Peace Agreement (en linea). <http://www.un.org/zh/focus/ southernsudan/pdf/espa.pdf>. Consulta (19-10-2014).
  • GADM (2012). Database of Global Administrative Areas. (en linea) <http://www.gadm.org/ country>. Consulta (12-11-2013).
  • Gallab, A. A. (2008). The First Islamic Republic. Development and Disintegration of Islamism in the Sudan. Ashgate Publishing Company. Hampshire.
  • ICG(2003). Sudan others Wars. Africa Briefing. International Crisis Group Press. Bruselas.
  • ICG (2005). A New Sudan Action Plan. Policy Briefing. Africa Briefing N°24. International Crisis Group Press. Bruselas.
  • ICG (2012). Sudan: Major Reform or More War. Africa Report N°194. International Crisis Group Press. Nairobi y Bruselas.
  • Johnson, D. H. (2011). The Root’s causes of Sudan’s civil wars. African Issues. The International Africa Institute. Fountain Publishers (Kampala) and James Currey (Suffolk).
  • Khalid, M. (1990). The Government They Deserve. The Role of the Elite in Sudan’s political evolution. Kegan Paul International Ltd. Londres.
  • Komey, G. K. (2010). Land, Governance Conflict and the Nuba of Sudan. Eastern African Studies. James Currey Ltd. Oxford.
  • Salih, K. O. (1990). “The Sudan, 1985-9: The Fading Democracy” en The Journal of Modern African Studies, Vol. 28, No. 2. Cambridge University Press.
  • UNMAO (2011). UN Mine Action Office in Sudan dataset (Unmao) (en linea) < http://www. sudan-map.org/>. Consulta (21-10-2013).
  • WMS (2013). Web Map Service del OGC (Open Geospatial Consortium).
  • Young, J. (2007). The Eastern Front and the Struggle against Marginalization. HSBA Working Paper 3. Small Arms Survey, Graduate Institute of International Studies. Ginebra.