Regional development and capital structure of SMEs

  1. Filippo di Pietro 1
  2. María-José Palacín-Sánchez 1
  3. José L. Roldán 1
  1. 1 Universidad de Sevilla

    Universidad de Sevilla

    Sevilla, España


Management Letters / Cuadernos de Gestión

ISSN: 1131-6837

Year of publication: 2018

Volume: 18

Issue: 1

Pages: 37-60

Type: Article

DOI: 10.5295/CDG.150530FD DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor

More publications in: Management Letters / Cuadernos de Gestión


This article studies the influence of regional institutional environment, measured as regional development,on capital structure of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Furthermore, the standard firm-factor determinants and the business sector of the firm are also incorporated. To this end, a sample of 6,560 Spanish firms for 2007 is analysed, where all regions of Spain and all sectors, except the financial sector, are considered. Spain provides a suitable and unexplored laboratory for the analysis of regional differences in the financial structure of SMEs, since, on the one hand, SMEs constitute the most relevant firms in this country, and on the other hand, Spain shows regional disparities at various levels. Moreover, the empirical analysis uses Partial Least Squares (PLS), a variance-based structural equation modelling (SEM). In this respect, PLS has several clear advantages to multiple linear regression (MLR). Thanks to this study, how each of these factors explains the variation in the capital structure could be shown. Moreover, the results show that although firm factors and the business sector explain a large proportion of the variance of capital structure of SMEs, it is important to take into account the regional institutional environment to better ascertain the level of debt of SMEs in a single country.

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