Peer Victimization, Peer Aggression and Depressive Symptoms over TimeA Longitudinal Study with Latent Growth Curves

  1. Celeste León-Moreno 1
  2. Cristian Suárez-Relinque 2
  3. Daniel Musitu-Ferrer 2
  4. Juan Herrero 3
  1. 1 Universidad de Zaragoza
    info

    Universidad de Zaragoza

    Zaragoza, España

    ROR https://ror.org/012a91z28

  2. 2 Universidad Pablo de Olavide
    info

    Universidad Pablo de Olavide

    Sevilla, España

    ROR https://ror.org/02z749649

  3. 3 Universidad de Oviedo
    info

    Universidad de Oviedo

    Oviedo, España

    ROR https://ror.org/006gksa02

Journal:
Psychosocial Intervention

ISSN: 1132-0559

Year of publication: 2022

Volume: 31

Issue: 3

Pages: 169-176

Type: Article

DOI: 10.5093/PI2022A13 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openOpen access editor

More publications in: Psychosocial Intervention

Metrics

Cited by

  • Scopus Cited by: 0 (26-01-2024)
  • Web of Science Cited by: 0 (15-10-2023)
  • Dimensions Cited by: 0 (24-02-2024)

JCR (Journal Impact Factor)

  • Year 2022
  • Journal Impact Factor: 4.8
  • Journal Impact Factor without self cites: 4.4
  • Article influence score: 0.917
  • Best Quartile: Q1
  • Area: PSYCHOLOGY, MULTIDISCIPLINARY Quartile: Q1 Rank in area: 24/147 (Ranking edition: SSCI)

SCImago Journal Rank

  • Year 2022
  • SJR Journal Impact: 1.437
  • Best Quartile: Q1
  • Area: Applied Psychology Quartile: Q1 Rank in area: 42/249
  • Area: Developmental and Educational Psychology Quartile: Q1 Rank in area: 44/349
  • Area: Social Psychology Quartile: Q1 Rank in area: 36/299

Índice Dialnet de Revistas

  • Year 2022
  • Journal Impact: 3.750
  • Field: PSICOLOGÍA Quartile: C1 Rank in field: 6/109
  • Field: SOCIOLOGÍA Quartile: C1 Rank in field: 1/73

CIRC

  • Social Sciences: A+

Scopus CiteScore

  • Year 2022
  • CiteScore of the Journal : 8.2
  • Area: Social Psychology Percentile: 93
  • Area: Developmental and Educational Psychology Percentile: 92
  • Area: Applied Psychology Percentile: 86

Journal Citation Indicator (JCI)

  • Year 2022
  • Journal Citation Indicator (JCI): 1.48
  • Best Quartile: Q1
  • Area: PSYCHOLOGY, MULTIDISCIPLINARY Quartile: Q1 Rank in area: 28/215

Dimensions

(Data updated as of 24-02-2024)
  • Total citations: 0
  • Recent citations (2 years): 0
  • Field Citation Ratio (FCR): 0.0

Abstract

Most empirical research on the relationship between peer victimization, aggression, and mental health has been conducted with correlational designs. Much of this research has also focused primarily on linking peer victimization with either the potential aggressive behaviors of victims or a deterioration in their mental health. This study analyzes the relationship between peer victimization, peer aggression, and depressive symptoms in adolescents over time. The participants are 194 adolescents (49.2% boys, 50.8% girls) aged between 10 and 13 years (M = 10.88, SD = 0.84). The results of the growth modeling analysis indicate that the trajectories are interconnected: as victimization decreases, adolescent aggression and depressive symptoms also decrease. In addition, it is observed that victimization decreased in the same way in boys and girls, while aggression and depressive symptoms showed a smaller reduction in girls. Finally, the results and their potential practical implications are discussed.

Bibliographic References

  • Baldry, A. C., Farrington, D. P., & Sorrentino, A. (2017). School bullying and cyberbullying among boys and girls: Roles and overlap. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 26(9), 937-951. https://doi.org/1 0.1080/10926771.2017.1330793
  • Bannink, R., Broeren, S., Van De Looij -Jansen, P. M., De Waart, F. G., & Raat, H. (2014). Cyber and traditional bullying victimization as a risk factor for mental health problems and suicidal ideation in adolescents. PLoS ONE, 9(4), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0094026
  • Barker, E. D., Arseneault, L., Brendgen, M., Fontaine, N., & Maughan, B. (2008). Joint development of bullying and victimization in adolescence: Relations to delinquency and self-harm. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 47(9), 1030-1038. https://doi.org/10.1097/CHI. ObO13e31817eec98
  • Beck, A. T. (1963). Thinking and Depression: 1. Idiosyncratic content and cognitive distortions. Archives of General Psychiatry, 9, 324-333. https:// doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.1963.01720160014002
  • Blain-Arcaro C, & Vaillancourt, T. (2017). Longitudinal associations between depression and aggression in children and adolescents. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 45(5), 959-970. https://doi.org/10.1007/ s10802-016-0204-2
  • Calvete, E., Cortazar, N., Fernández-González, L., Echezarraga, A., Beranuy, M., León, A., González-Cabrera, J., & Orue, I. I. (2021). Effects of a brief preventive intervention in cyberbullying and grooming in adolescents. Psychosocial Intervention, 30(2), 75-84. https://doi.org/10.5093/pi2020a22
  • Cangur, S., & Ercan, I. (2015). Comparison of model fit indices used in structural equation modeling under multivariate normality. Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods, 14(1), 152-167. https://doi.org/10.22237/ jmasm/1430453580
  • Crockett, L., Randall, B., Shen, Y., Russell, S., & Driscoll, A. (2005). Measurement equivalence of the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale for Latino and Anglo adolescents: A national study. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73(1), 47-58. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022- 006X.73.1.47
  • Dray, J., Bowman, J., Campbell, E., Freund, M., Wolfenden, L., Hodder, R. K., McElwaine, K., Tremain, D., Bartlem, K., Bailey, J., Small, T., Palazzi, K., Oldmeadow, C., & Wiggers, J. (2017). Systematic review of universal resilience-focused interventions targeting child and adolescent mental health in the school setting. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 56(10), 813-824. https://doi.org/10.1016/j. jaac.2017.07.780
  • Duncan, T. E., Duncan, S. C., & Strycker, L. A. (2013). An introduction to latent variable growth curve modeling: Concepts, issues, and applications. Routledge.
  • Estévez, E., Cañas, E., Estévez, J. F., & Povedano, A. (2020). Continuity and overlap of roles in victims and aggressors of bullying and cyberbullying in adolescence: A systematic review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(7452), 1-15. https://doi.org/10.3390/ ijerph17207452
  • Estévez, E., Jiménez, T. I., & Moreno, D. (2018). Aggressive behavior in adolescence as a predictor of personal, family, and school adjustment roblems. Psicothema, 30(1), 66-73. https://doi.org/10.7334/psicothema2016.294
  • Estévez, E., Musitu, G., & Herrero, J. (2005). The influence of violent behavior and victimización at school on psychological distress: The role of parents and teachers. Adolescence, 40(157), 183-196.
  • Falla, D., Ortega-Ruiz, R., Runions, K., & Romera, E. M. (2020). Why do victims become perpetrators of peer bullying? Moral disengagement in the cycle of violence. Youth and Society, 54(3), 397–418. https://doi. org/10.1177/0044118X20973702
  • Feijóo, S., O’Higgins-Norman, J., Foody, M., Pichel, R., Braña, T., Varela, J., & Rial, A. (2021). Sex differences in adolescent bullying behaviours. Psychosocial Intervention, 30(2), 95-100. https://doi.org/10.5093/pi2021a1
  • González-Cabrera, J, Montiel, I., Ortega-Barón, J., Calvete, E., Orue, I., & Machimbarrena, J. M. (2021). Epidemiology of peer victimization and its impact on health-related quality of life in adolescents: A longitudinal study. School Mental Health, 13(2), 338-346. https://doi.org/10.1007/ s12310-021-09421-1
  • Graham, S. (2006). Peer victimization in school: Exploring the ethnic context. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 15(6), 317-321 https://doi. org/10.1111/j.1467-8721.2006.00460.x
  • Haltigan, J. D., & Vaillancourt, T. (2014). Joint trajectories of bullying and peer victimization across elementary and middle school and associations with symptoms of psychopathology. Developmental Psychology, 50(11), 2426- 2436. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0038030
  • Hellfeldt, K., Edward Gill, P., & Björn, J. (2018). Longitudinal analysis of links between bullying victimization and psychosomatic maladjustment in Swedish schoolchildren. Journal of School Violence, 17(1), 86-98. https:// doi.org/10.1080/15388220.2016.1222498
  • Herrero, J., & Gracia, E. (2007). A brief measure of depressive symptomatology (CESD-7). Salud Mental, 30(5), 40-46.
  • Herrero, J., & Meneses, J. (2006). Short Web-based versions of the perceived stress (PSS) and Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression (CESD) Scales: A comparison to pencil and paper responses among Internet users. Computers in Human Behavior, 22(5), 830-848. https://doi.org/10.1016/j. chb.2004.03.007
  • Herrero, J., Torres, A., Vivas, P., & Urueña, A. (2019). Smartphone addiction and social support: A three-year longitudinal study. Psychosocial Intervention, 28(3), 111-118. https://doi.org/10.5093/pi2019a6
  • Herrero, J., Torres, A., Vivas, P., & Urueña, A. (2022). Smartphone addiction, social support, and cybercrime victimization: A discrete survival and growth mixture model. Psychosocial Intervention, 31(1), 59-66. https://doi.org/10.5093/pi2022a3
  • Jiménez, T., León, J., Martín-Albo, J., Lombas, A. S., Valdivia-Salas, S., & Estévez, E. (2021). Transactional links between teacher-adolescent support, relatedness, and aggression at school: A three-wave longitudinal study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(2), Article 436. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020436
  • Juarros-Basterretxea, J., Escoda-Menéndez, P.; Vilariño, M., Rodríguez-Díaz, F. J., & Herrero, J. (2021). Using the CES-D-7 as a screening instrument to detect major depression among the inmate population. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(3), Article 1361. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18031361
  • Kim, S., Colwell, S. R., Kata, A., Boyle, M. H., & Georgiades, K. (2018). Cyberbullying victimization and adolescent mental health: Evidence of differential effects by sex and mental health problem type. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 47(3), 661-672. https://doi.org/10.1007/ s10964-017-0678-4
  • Kochel, K. P., Ladd, G. W., & Rudolph, K. D. (2012). Longitudinal associations among youth depressive symptoms, peer victimization, and low peer acceptance: An interpersonal process perspective. Child development, 83(2), 637-650. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2011.01722.x
  • Krygsman, A., & Vaillancourt, T. (2019). Peer victimization, aggression, and depression symptoms in preschoolers. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 47(5), 62-73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecresq.2018.09.006
  • Kwong, A. S. F., Manley, D., Timpson, N. J., Pearson, R. M., Heron, J., Sallis, H., Stergiakouli, E., Davis, O. S. P., & Leckie, G. (2019). Identifying critical points of trajectories of depressive symptoms from childhood to young adulthood. Journal of Youth and Adolescence: A Multidisciplinary Research Publication, 48(4), 815-827. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964- 018-0976-5
  • Lahav-Kadmiel, Z., & Brunstein-Klomek, A. (2018). Bullying victimization and depressive symptoms in adolescence: The moderating role of parent-child conflicts among boys and girls. Journal of Adolescence, 68(1), 152-158. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2018.07.014
  • Laith, R., & Vaillancourt, T. (2022). The temporal sequence of bullying victimization, academic achievement, and school attendance: A review of the literature. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 64, Article 101722. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2022.101722
  • León-Moreno, C., Martínez-Ferrer, B., Musitu-Ochoa, G., & MorenoRuiz, D. (2019). Victimisation and school violence. The role of the motivation of revenge, avoidance, and benevolence in adolescents. Revista de Psicodidáctica, 24(2), 88-94. https://doi.org/10.1016/j. psicoe.2019.01.001
  • Li, X., Luo, X., Zheng, R., Jin, X., Mei, L., Xie, X., Gu, H., Hou, F., Liu, L., Luo, X., Meng, H., Zhang, J., & Song, R. (2019). The role of depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, and school functioning in the association between peer victimization and internet addiction: A moderated mediation model. Journal of Affective Disorders, 256, 125-131. https://doi. org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.05.080
  • Little, T., Henrich, C., Jones, S., & Hawley, P. (2003). Disentangling the “whys” from the “whats” of aggressive behaviour. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 27(2), 122-133. https://doi. org/10.1080/01650250244000128
  • Liu, Q., Martin, N. C., Findling, R. L., Youngstrom, E. A., Garber, J., Curry, J. F., Hyde, J. S., Essex, M. J., Compas, B. E., Goodyer, I. M., Rohde, P., Stark, K. D., Slattery, M. J., Forehand, R., & Cole, D. A. (2021). Hopelessness and depressive symptoms in children and adolescents: An integrative data analysis. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 130(6), 594-607. https://doi. org/10.1037/abn0000667
  • Lucas-Molina, B., Pérez-Albéniz, A., Solbes-Canales, I., Ortuño-Sierra, O., & Fonseca-Pedrero, E. (2022). Bullying, cyberbullying and mental health: The role of student connectedness as a school protective factor. Psychosocial Intervention, 31(1), 33-41. https://doi.org/10.5093/ pi2022a1
  • Martínez-Ferrer, B., León-Moreno, C., Suárez-Relinque, C., Del Moral-Arroyo, G., & Musitu-Ochoa, G. (2021). Cybervictimization, offline victimization, and cyberbullying: The mediating role of the problematic use of social networking sites in boys and girls. Psychosocial Intervention, 30(3), 155-162. https://doi.org/10.5093/pi2021a5
  • Martínez-Ferrer, B., Moreno, D., & Musitu, G. (2018). Are adolescents engaged in the problematic use of social networking sites more involved in peer aggression and victimization? Frontiers in Psychology, 9, Article 801. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00801
  • Modecki, K. L., Minchin, J., Harbaugh, A. G., Guerra, N. G., & Runions, K. C. (2014). Bullying prevalence across contexts: A meta-analysis measuring cyber and traditional bullying. Journal of Adolescent Health, 55(5), 602-611. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2014.06.007
  • Morabito, D. M., Burani, K., & Hajcak, G. (2021). Depressive symptoms prospectively predict peer victimization: A longitudinal study among adolescent females. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 53(1), 39-47. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-020-01100-7 Muthén, B. O., & Muthén, L. K. (2018). Mplus 8.2. base program. Muthén & Muthén.
  • Mynard, H., & Joseph, S. (2000). Development of the multidimensional peervictimization scale. Aggressive Behavior, 26(2), 169-178. https://doi. org/10.1002/(SICI)1098-2337(2000)26:2<169::AID-AB3>3.0.CO;2-A
  • Nepon, T., Pepler, D. J., Craig, W. M., Connolly, J., & Gordon, L. F. (2021). A longitudinal analysis of peer victimization, self-esteem, and rejection sensitivity in mental health and substance use among adolescents. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 19(4), 1135- 1148. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-019-00215-w
  • Nuñez-Fadda, S. M., Castro-Castañeda, R., Vargas-Jiménez, E., Musitu-Ochoa, G., & Callejas-Jerónimo, J. E. (2020). Bullying victimization among mexican adolescents: Psychosocial differences from an ecological approach. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(13), 4831, 1-16. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134831
  • Peraza-Balderrama, J. N., Valdés-Cuervo, A. A., Martínez-Ferrer, B., Reyes-Rodríguez, A. C., & Parra-Pérez, L. G. (2021). Assessment of a multidimensional school collective efficacy scale to prevent student bullying: Examining dimensionality and measurement invariance. Psychosocial Intervention, 30(2), 101-111. https://doi.org/10.5093/ pi2021a2
  • Quintana-Orts, C., Rey, L., & Neto, F. (2021). Are loneliness and emotional intelligence important factors for adolescents? Understanding the influence of bullying and cyberbullying victimisation on suicidal ideation. Psychosocial Intervention, 30(2), 67-74. https://doi. org/10.5093/pi2020a18
  • Radloff, L. S. (1977). The CES-D scale: A self-report depression scale for research in the general population. Applied Psychological Measurement, 1(3), 385-401. https://doi.org/10.1177/014662167700100306
  • Romera, E. M., Ortega-Ruiz, R., Runions, K., & Falla, D. (2021). Moral disengagement strategies in online and offline bullying. Psychosocial intervention, 30(2), 85-93. https://doi.org/10.5093/pi2020a21
  • Romero-Abrio, A., Martínez-Ferrer, B., Sánchez-Sosa, J. C., & Musitu, G. (2019). A psychosocial analysis of relational aggression in Mexican adolescents based on sex and age. Psicothema, 31(1), 88-93. https:// doi.org/10.7334/psicothema2018.151
  • Sentse, M., Kretschmer, T., & Salmivalli, C. (2015). The longitudinal interplay between bullying, victimization, and social status: Age-related and gender differences. Social Development, 24(3), 659-677. https://doi. org/10.1111/sode.12115
  • Sittichai, R., & Smith, P. K. (2018). Bullying and cyberbullying in Thailand: Coping strategies and relation to age, gender, religion and victim status. Journal of New Approaches in Educational Research, 7(1), 24- 30. https://doi.org/10.7821/naer.2018.1.254
  • Söderberg, P., & Björkqvist, K. (2020). Victimization from peer aggression and/or bullying: Prevalence, overlap, and psychosocial characteristics.
  • Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment and Trauma, 29(2), 131-147. https://doi.org/10.1080/10926771.2019.1570410
  • Strohacker, E., Wright, L. E., & Watts, S. J. (2021). Gender, bullying victimization, depressive symptoms, and suicidality. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 65(10-11), 1123-1142. https://doi.org/10.1177/0306624X19895964
  • Takizawa, R., Maughan, B., & Arseneault, L. (2014). Adult health outomes of childhood bullying victimization: Evidence from a five decade longitudinal British birth cohort. American Journal of Psychiatry, 17(7), 777-784. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.2014.13101401
  • Ttofi, M., Farrington, D. P., Lösel, F., & Loeber, R. (2011). Do the victims of school bullies tend to become depressed later in life? A systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research, 3(2), 63-73. https://doi. org/10.1108/17596591111132873
  • Van Geel, M., Goemans, A., Zwaanswijk, W., Gini, G., & Vedder, P. (2018). Does peer victimization predict low self-esteem, or does low selfesteem predict peer victimization? Meta-analyses on longitudinal studies. Developmental Review, 49, 31-40. https://doi.org/10.1016/j. dr.2018.07.001
  • Van Ouytsel, Lu, Y., Ponnet, K., Walrave, M., & Temple, J. R. (2019). Longitudinal associations between sexting, cyberbullying, and bullying among adolescents: Cross-lagged panel analysis. Journal of Adolescence, 73(1), 36-41. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2019.03.008
  • Walters, G. D. (2020). School-age bullying victimization and perpetration: A meta-analysis of prospective studies and research. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 22(5), 1129-1139. https://doi.org/10.1177/1524838020906513
  • Xiao-Wei, C., Cui-Ying, F., Shuai-lei, L., & Zong-Kui, Z. (2019). Does bullying victimization really influenc adolescents’ psychosocial problems? A three-wave longitudinal study in China. Journal of Affective Disorders, 246, 603-610. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2018.12.103
  • Ye, Z., Harrison, S. E., & Lin, D. (2022). A latent transition analysis of longitudinal stability of peer victimization experiences among Chinese adolescents. Child Abuse & Neglect, 126, Article 105522. https://doi. org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2022.105522
  • Zhang, M., Liu, H., & Zhang, Y. (2020). Adolescent social networks and physical, verbal, and indirect aggression in china: The moderating role of gender. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, Article 658. https://doi. org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00658
  • Zych, I., Ttofi, M. M., Llorent, V. J., Farrington, D. P., Ribeaud, D., & Eisner, M. P. (2020). A longitudinal study on stability and transitions among bullying roles. Child Development, 91(2), 527-545. https://doi. org/10.1111/cdev.13195