Turismo comunitario en Ecuador. Comprendiendo el community-based tourism desde la comunidad

  1. Ruiz Ballesteros, Esteban
  2. Hernández Ramírez, Macarena
  3. Coca Pérez, Agustín
  4. Cantero Martín, Pedro A.
  5. Campo Tejedor, Alberto del
Pasos: Revista de Turismo y Patrimonio Cultural

ISSN: 1695-7121

Year of publication: 2008

Volume: 6

Issue: 3

Pages: 399-418

Type: Article

DOI: 10.25145/J.PASOS.2008.06.031 DIALNET GOOGLE SCHOLAR lock_openRIULL editor

More publications in: Pasos: Revista de Turismo y Patrimonio Cultural


The growing impetus of community-based tourism (CBT) as a means of achieving sustainable tourism and a strategy for social development forces us to seek a deeper understanding of this phenomenon. This paper proposes an analytical focus on the community as a theoretical/methodological tactic. The empirical reference point in this research paper is the concept of turismo comunitario (TC) in Ecuador, where five communities were chosen to conduct an in-depth ethnographic study. By means of a conclusion, a comprehensive framework is put forward for TC, founded on three main pillars: the analytical centrality of the communities; the consideration of TC as a ‘translation’ rather than an ‘adaptation’ to the market; and the fortifying - rather than debilitating - nature of TC for the communities involved. This provides a series of factors that can be used to gain a general understanding of CBT, from a theoretical point of view, and which can also be used to evaluate the social viability of CBT projects and experiments.