La reproducción de la nación en el discurso de la derecha radical españolaun análisis de la agenda natalista de Vox (2019-2022)

  1. Aragón Morales, Alba María 1
  2. Ruiz Jiménez, Antonia María 1
  1. 1 Universidad Pablo de Olavide

    Universidad Pablo de Olavide

    Sevilla, España


Encrucijadas: Revista Crítica de Ciencias Sociales

ISSN: 2174-6753

Year of publication: 2023

Issue Title: Feminist Shakes: conflicts and struggles around the reproduction of life in neoliberal times.; r2302

Volume: 23

Issue: 2

Type: Article

More publications in: Encrucijadas: Revista Crítica de Ciencias Sociales


The article explores Vox's "demographic crisis" discursive framework as a Spanish radical right party from a gender perspective. This qualitative study is based on the content analysis of parliamentary interventions by members of this formation in the Congress of Deputies during 2019-2022. The main findings show a construction of a nativist "demographic panic" promoting natalist policies that guarantee national survival. Explicit familiarization through economic and fiscal incentives and the sexual and reproductive rights limitation are the two main strategies proposed to encourage the Spanish birth rate. From a biopolitical perspective, women are defined as reproducers of the nation, subordinating them to the "natural" family and the State. This anti-feminist instrumentalization of demographic change can give rise to a “contagious effect” in mainstream parties, influencing policies aimed at sexual and ethnic minorities, increasing ideological polarization, and impacting democratic quality (democratic backlash).

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